Category: Middle Ages


Seal Rings – Intaglios as Signatures

The purpose of a seal ring in the ancient world was, in essence, that of a modern signature. The images engraved upon them were totally unique and so were associated with specific individuals. They acted almost as a fingerprint – a seal stamp lent authority for the authenticity of a document or letter. As is  … Read more

By Staff Member,

  Category: Middle Ages
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Item Focus: Illuminated Manuscripts & Vellum Pages

The world manuscript derives from the Latin, manu scriptus, meaning handwritten. Before the invention of printing all books were written by hand. This was a time-consuming and labour-intensive process, and could take months or years. The use of paper as a medium started to become widespread in Europe from the late Middle Ages. Before the  … Read more

By Francesca,

  Category: Decorative Techniques, Middle Ages
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