Ancient Roman Coins

The circulation of ancient Roman coins began with the cast bronze coins of the Roman Republic, but their popularity peaked during the Roman Empire. Rome enjoyed great economic prosperity under many of its Emperors, testament to which is the extent and variety of coins issued during the imperial period. Ancient Roman coins were double-faced and made in all three of the principal metals: gold, silver, and bronze. As well as bearing the name and portrait of the issuing Emperor, the coins featured varied motifs: evidence of the broadening political, cultural, and religious horizons of the Empire.