Ancient Enkolpia & Crosses

The Byzantine enkolpion cross was worn as a pectoral cross, and during the Middle Ages was an attribute of a bishop. Over the centuries, a large number of crosses were designed to hold a secondary relic inside, such as part of a saint’s clothing, pieces of the True Cross, hair fragments, and so forth. Crosses offered protection to the wearer and would have been available across all the Byzantine Empire.

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