Blown Glass

Though glass vessels have existed since the 15th century BC in Ancient Egypt, glassblowing is predominantly a Roman invention. The most prominent centers of work were initially Lebanon, Israel and Cyprus before the craft moved westward making Cologne was one of the most prolific areas. Glassblowing from this period achieves some complex forms including footed glasses and jugs, the use of decorative ribbing and shaped handles, however as the practice of glassblowing developed, it’s products became more and more widely available. Though Roman glass is often highly coloured, Pliny’s Natural History states, “the most highly valued glass is colourless and transparent, as closely as possible resembling rock crystal”. Glassblowing continued in Europe following the collapse of the Roman empire as well as Byzantine and around the Islamic world.

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