The peplos was a rich outer robe or shawl worn by women in ancient Greece, which draped over the body in loose folds. In addition, the figure boasts the polos on her head: a high, cylindrical crown often worn by goddesses in the ancient Near East and Anatolia. It was subsequently adopted by the Greeks and often used as an iconographical attribute for the goddesses, Cybele and Hera.
Boeotia was a key area in the Greek world. The Boeotian Confederacy, controlled by Thebes, defeated their former ally of Sparta to become the main Greek power in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC.