The Djed pillar amulet was one of the most common of all those placed on the mummy. A number of them could be strung around the lower torso, or placed singly on the upper chest or around the neck. The Djed pillar symbolized stability and endurance. Its form was said to represent the pole around which grain was tied, but it later became the representation of the backbone of the god, Osiris.
Horus was one of the most significant Ancient Egyptian deities. He is most commonly depicted with the head of a falcon, and the body of a man. Horus was a sun and moon deity, and it was said that his right eye was the sun, and the left was the moon. The eye of Horus, also known as ‘Wedjat’, was an ancient symbol of protection, particularly for the afterlife, and was also used to deflect evil. For this reason it was often worn or hung on the deceased at burial. It was highly influential in Egyptian life, with ancient sailors painting the image on the bow of their vessels to ward off evil.
To find out more about the use of carnelian in Ancient Egyptian culture please see our relevant blog post: The Significance of Carnelian in Ancient Egyptian Culture.