The Indus Valley Civilisation extended from what today is north east Afghanistan to Pakistan and north west India. It was one of three early and widespread cradles of civilisation along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Aridification of the region during the 3rd millennium BCE may have been the initial spur for the urbanisation associated with the civilisation, but it eventually reduced the water supply to such an extent as to cause the civilisation’s demise, and to scatter its population eastward. At its peak, the Indus Valley Civilisation, which included such sites as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, may have had a population of over five million. They developed new techniques in pottery, seal carving, and metallurgy.
Large Indus Valley Polychrome Storage Jar
A large pottery storage jar with wide mouth. The body stands on a short, raised foot, and its upper half is decorated with four main polychrome panels. These panels respectively contain a buffalo, a lion, a peacock pecking the ground, and two peacocks flying towards each other. Another four, smaller panels each contain a similar geometric design.
Period: Early - Middle Bronze Age
Condition: Very fine condition; stable hair-line fracture extending from the rim to approximately half-way, otherwise complete and intact.