Flowers are an immensely prominent theme in ancient visual art, with almost all cultures creating representations in a variety of mediums, from Greek and Chinese ceramic paintings to Persian bronze work, to Egyptian carved stone amulets. As well as being used for purely aesthetic reasons, floral motifs could evoke ideas of divine beauty or glory, including instances where religious processions featuring garlands or offerings of flowers are depicted. Flowers were also used to represent ideas of fertility and prosperity, which were of utmost importance to ancient societies, and furthermore were often celebrated for their medicinal properties.

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